The FRAM Sandbox Facility

Extending the capabilities of the FMV

There is an increasing interest in utilising the FRAM approach for the analysis of what exactly is going on in complex sociotechnical systems in practical high hazard environments. There are, for example, a number of ongoing projects at the moment in aviation, self-driving vehicles and, of course, on the challenges of the COVID 19 pandemic for healthcare responses. But as well as these practical applications there is an increasing interest from the academic community, in extending and developing further, the underpinning concepts, as shown in the recent review (below)

Publications about the FRAM

(This page will always be incomplete, but please send corrections and new entries to me. I shall endeavour to bring it up-to-date as quickly as possible.)

If you want to get a more up-to-date list, one possibility is to visit

The various publications about the FRAM are organised in the following categories:

  • Books and book chapters
  • Academic theses
  • Journal papers and conference presentations
  • Reports, technical notes, and other publications

© Copyright Erik Hollnagel 2016. All Rights Reserved.